Christian Churches of God

No. F046ii






Commentary on 1Corinthians

Part 2

(Edition 1.0 20210108-20210108)




Commentary on Chapters 6-10.



Christian Churches of God

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(Copyright © 2021 Wade Cox)


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Commentary on 1Corinthians Part 2



by E.W. Bullinger

1 Corinthians 6:1. LITIGATION
1 Corinthians 6:2-4. Remonstrance. "Know ye not?"
1 Corinthians 6:5-7 -. Litigation.
1 Corinthians 6:7-11. Remonstrance. "Know ye not?"

1 Corinthians 6:12-20. FORNICATION. AMPLICATION.
1 Corinthians 6:12-13 -. General Principles.
1 Corinthians 6:13-14. Application.
1 Corinthians 6:15-17. Remonstrance. "Know ye not ?"
1 Corinthians 6:18. Purgation.
1 Corinthians 6:19-20. Remonstrance. "Know ye not ?"

1 Corinthians 7:1-401 Corinthians 8:1-13. THINGS WRITTEN TO PAUL.
1 Corinthians 7:1-9. The unmarried.
1 Corinthians 7:10-17. The married and unmarried.
1 Corinthians 7:18-24. Circumcision and servitude.
1 Corinthians 7:25-40. Virgins.
1 Corinthians 8:1-13. Things offered to idols.

1 Corinthians 7:1-9. THE UNMARRIED.
1 Corinthians 7:1. The Benefit.
1 Corinthians 7:2 -. The evil.
1 Corinthians 7:2-5. The remedy.
1 Corinthians 7:6-8. The benefit.
1 Corinthians 7:9 -. The evil.
1 Corinthians 7:9. The remedy.

1 Corinthians 7:10-17. THE MARRIED AND UNMARRIED.
1 Corinthians 7:10 -. The Lord.
1 Corinthians 7:10-11. His command.
1 Corinthians 7:12 -. The apostle.
1 Corinthians 7:12-17. His appointment.

1 Corinthians 7:18-24. CIRCUMCISION AND SERVITUDE.
1 Corinthians 7:18-19. Circumcision.
1 Corinthians 7:20. Abide in it.
1 Corinthians 7:21-23. Servitude.
1 Corinthians 7:24. Abide in it.

1 Corinthians 7:25-40. VIRGINS.
1 Corinthians 7:25-26. Paul""s advice on his own account.
1 Corinthians 7:27-28 -. Marriage not sin.
1 Corinthians 7:28. Trouble.
1 Corinthians 7:29-31. To remain as they were.
1 Corinthians 7:32-34. Care.
1 Corinthians 7:35. Paul""s advice for their profit.
1 Corinthians 7:36-37. Permission to marry.
1 Corinthians 7:38. Preference not to do so.
1 Corinthians 7:39. Permission to marry again.
1 Corinthians 7:40. Preference not to do so.

1 Corinthians 8:1-13. THINGS OFFERED TO IDOLS.

1 Corinthians 8:1-8. Knowledge brings liberty to oneself.
1 Corinthians 8:9-13. Liberty may cause stumbling to others.

1 Corinthians 8:1 -. Things offered to idols.
1 Corinthians 8:1-2. Knowledge.
1 Corinthians 8:3. He who loves God, gets knowledge through Him.
1 Corinthians 8:4 -. The idol is nothing.
1 Corinthians 8:4. There is only one God.
1 Corinthians 8:5. There are idol gods so called.
1 Corinthians 8:6 -. There is only one God.
1 Corinthians 8:6. Those who know God, know Him through Christ.
1 Corinthians 8:7 -. Knowledge.
1 Corinthians 8:7-8. Things offered to idols.

1 Corinthians 8:9. Care lest liberty cause stumbling.
1 Corinthians 8:10 -. Influence of one who has knowledge.
1 Corinthians 8:10. Effect of example on a weak brother.
1 Corinthians 8:11. Influence of one who has knowledge.
1 Corinthians 8:12. Effect of example on a weak brother.
1 Corinthians 8:13. Care lest liberty cause stumbling.

1 Corinthians 9:1 - 1 Corinthians 15:58. MINISTERIAL. REPROOF AND EXPLANATION.
1 Corinthians 9:1-2. Apostleship asserted and claimed.
1 Corinthians 9:3-27. Claim established by his practical teaching.
1 Corinthians 10:1 - 1 Corinthians 11:1. The Mosaic Dispensation typical.
1 Corinthians 11:2-16. The public use of spiritual gifts.
1 Corinthians 11:17-34. The Gospel Dispensation antitypical.
1 Corinthians 12:1-14:40. The public exercise of spiritual gifts.
1 Corinthians 15:1-11. Apostleship asserted and claimed.
1 Corinthians 15:12-58. Claim established by his doctrinal teaching.

1 Corinthians 9:3-8. Claim to live of the Gospel equal to that of others.
1 Corinthians 9:9-11. Teaching of the Law thereon.
1 Corinthians 9:12. Claim not advanced by Paul.
1 Corinthians 9:13-14. Teaching of the Sanctuary thereon.
1 Corinthians 9:15-27. Claim not exercised by Paul.

1 Corinthians 9:15-27. CLAIM NOT EXERCISED BY PAUL.
1 Corinthians 9:15 -. Forbearance.
1 Corinthians 9:15-17. Reason.
1 Corinthians 9:18 -. Reward.
1 Corinthians 9:18 -. Forbearance.
1 Corinthians 9:18-23. Reason.
1 Corinthians 9:24-27. Reward.

1 Corinthians 9:24-27. REWARD.
1 Corinthians 9:24 -. Running in a race.
1 Corinthians 9:24. Application.
1 Corinthians 9:25 -. The training.
1 Corinthians 9:25. Application.
1 Corinthians 9:26. Running and boxing.
1 Corinthians 9:27. Application.

1 Corinthians 10:1-331 Corinthians 11:1. THE MOSAIC DISPENSATION TYPICAL.
1 Corinthians 10:1-5. The Mosaic Dispensation.
1 Corinthians 10:6-14. Application.
1 Corinthians 10:15-20 -. The Gospel (i.e. Kingdom) Dispensation.
1 Corinthians 10:-20-11:1. Application.

1 Corinthians 10:6-14. APPLICATION.
1 Corinthians 10:6-10. Types. Failures.
1 Corinthians 10:11-12. Warning.
1 Corinthians 10:13. Temptations.
1 Corinthians 10:14. Warning.

1 Corinthians 10:15-20. THE GOSPEL (i.e. KINGDOM) DISPENSATION.
1 Corinthians 10:15-16. Fellowship.
1 Corinthians 10:17. Reason.
1 Corinthians 10:18. Fellowship.
1 Corinthians 10:19-20 -. Inference.

1 Corinthians 10:20 - 1 Corinthians 11:1. APPLICATION.
1 Corinthians 10:20-23. Distinctions in fellowship.
1 Corinthians 10:24. Inference.
1 Corinthians 10:25. Distinctions in knowledge.
1 Corinthians 10:26. Reason.
1 Corinthians 10:27-28 -. Distinction in meats.
1 Corinthians 10:28. Reason.
1 Corinthians 10:29-30. Distinctions in conscience.
1 Corinthians 10:31 - 1 Corinthians 11:1. Inference.


Intent of the Chapters


Chapter 6

Verses 1-4 hold that Litigation between the saints is to be done in the church under the elders. If the parties will not abide by the decision then it is placed before the world authorities to the shame of the parties involved (vv. 5-6). The saints are to judge the world (v. 2), which will be in the millennial system, and after in the Second Resurrection, then they are to judge Angels (v. 3) which will also be in the Second Resurrection (143B) when the fallen host will appear before us for retraining (cf. Judgment of the Demons (No. 080)).


For the elect to have lawsuits against one another is defeat for the brethren. Why would you not rather suffer wrong. But the brethren were wronging and defrauding their own brethren (vv. 7-8). The elect should know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God; nor also the immoral (7th, 8th, 9th, 10th), nor idolaters (2nd), nor adulterers or sexual perverts (7th), nor thieves (8th), nor the greedy (10th), nor drunkards (3rd, 10th), nor revilers (6th, 9th), nor robbers (6th and 8th). None of these sinners who transgress the Law of God (L1) shall inherit the Kingdom of God.  


Such were some of the elect but they were washed in Repentance and Baptism (No. 052).  They were sanctified and justified in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God (vv. 9-11) (Rom. 8:28-30).


In verses 12-13 Paul then makes one of those statements that are often wrested by those professing the faith to their own destruction (cf. 2Pe. 3:15-16). He says all things are lawful for him but not all things are helpful. “All things are lawful for me, but, I will not be enslaved by anything.” He then says food is meant for the stomach and the stomach for food – And God will destroy both one and the other.”    


Thus it is often wrested to mean that all these things are lawful for Paul and hence the church and also that all food is lawful hence eliminating the Biblical Food Laws (No. 015) of Leviticus 11 and Deuteronomy 14. Nothing could be further from the truth.


The body is not meant for immorality but for the Lord and the Lord for the Body. The elect are the Temple of God (3:16ff). Therefore it is not to be defiled by anything unclean, neither food nor with perversions and immorality, nor adultery, nor prostitution, sodomy nor drunkenness, nor anything that will pollute the body as the Temple of God.  These issues are raised again in Romans and elsewhere.


Verse 15 then states that: “Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ. Shall I take the members of Christ and make them the members of a prostitute? Never! Do you not know that he who joins himself to a prostitute becomes one body with her? For it is written: The two shall become one flesh. But he who is united to the Lord becomes one spirit with him. Shun immorality. Every other sin is outside the body but the immoral person sins against their own body. In verse 19 Paul again emphasizes that the body is a Temple of the Holy Spirit which is given from God. They are not their own but were bought with a price so glorify God in their bodies. See also Paul and the Law (N0. 271).


Chapter 7

In verse 1 Paul says it is well for a man not to touch a woman but because of the temptation to immorality each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband. He states that the husband should give to his wife her conjugal rights and likewise the wife to her husband. He then develops the laws concerning the family under the Fifth Commandment and the subsequent laws of the family. Neither rules over their own bodies but the other spouse. Neither is to refuse the other except by agreement for a season in order to devote themselves to prayer and then come together again. That is so that Satan does not tempt any by lack of self control.  He says that by way of concession not of command but the laws of marriage are fairly specific under the Torah (cf. Law and the Seventh Commandment (No. 259) (cf. L1).


Paul wishes that all were as he was (at the time he wrote this letter). But each has his own special gift from God, each of a different kind. When this was written the pagans had not yet begun castrating the elect to render them unfit for the priesthood. His comments to the unmarried and the widows show that he thinks they should remain single but it is better to marry than be aflame with passion (vv. 8-9). So also he has command from the Lord that the wife should not separate from the husband but if she does she should remain single or else be reconciled to her husband and that the husband should not divorce his wife (vv. 10-11).  However, if a woman opts to not follow her husband and commits adultery under the Torah he is not obligated to remain wed to her under the Torah but that is the last resort due to the hardness of their hearts. If she has not committed adultery, and he marries another, he commits adultery (Mat. 19:8). 


In verses 12-13 Paul says that the believing spouse should remain with the unbelieving spouse and that the unbelieving spouse is consecrated through the believing spouse, either husband or wife. In that way their children are holy (v. 14). If the unbelieving partner desires to separate then the other is not bound. God has called us to peace.  The wife or husband does not know whether they will be the means of saving their spouse.


Two people cohabiting and not married are not sanctified. Due to Christ’s comments to the Samaritan woman at the well, common law marriage is not marriage (Jn. 4:18).  


From verse 17 onwards Paul tells everyone to lead the life the Lord has assigned to them. He then makes a very serious statement. He says that each should remain as they were. The circumcised should not seek to be uncircumcised and the uncircumcised should not seek circumcision for that state counts for nothing.  The only things that count are keeping the Commandments of God (v. 19). That text refutes all the antinomian sentiments and misrepresentation regarding Paul and the Law of God. Paul may have changed his status and become married but we will discuss that issue in 9:1-6 below.


Paul states that everyone should remain in the state in which he was called (v. 20).  If called as a slave then remain as a slave for they are freedmen of the Lord, but if you have the opportunity then avail yourself of your freedom. Those who are free when called become a slave of Christ (vv. 21-22).  So also all were bought with a price so we should not willingly become slaves of men. In each state in which we are called let us there remain with God (vv. 23-24) who becomes all in all (Eph. 4:6 and 6:19 above).


From verses 25ff: If we had followed Paul’s advice we would have all been very thin on the ground. The time frame of Daniel and Ezekiel had been shut up until the time of the end and Revelation had not as yet been given. He says he has received no command of the Lord. He thinks that in view of the present distress that they were facing they should remain unmarried and the married remain as they are also. From verse 29 Paul says that due to the circumstances that those who had wives live as though they had none. Let all appear as though they were neither mourning nor rejoicing; those who buy as though they had no goods and those who deal as though they had no dealings with the world. He says that the form of this world is passing away (v. 31).


From verses 32ff, Paul then makes the distinction he was trying to emphasise in that the unmarried will be devoted to the Lord but the married will be involved in the cares of the world and how to please his wife and his interests are divided. The unmarried woman or girl is anxious to be Holy and to please in the affairs of the Lord whereas the married woman is concerned to please her husband.  He then says he seeks not to lay any stress on them but to promote good order and secure undivided devotion to the Lord (v. 35). In verse 6, he says that if anyone thinks that he is behaving improperly with his betrothed then they had better be married. That is no sin. However, he says that if the man has himself under control and wishes to keep her as his betrothed he will do well. He who refrains from marriage will do better (v. 38). 


However his betrothed might have much to say about having an unconsummated quasi-marriage. The betrothed has every right under the Law, and Paul’s earlier comments here, to marry and bear children.


In verse 39 he says that a wife is bound to her husband as long as he lives.  If he dies she is free to marry whom she wishes, only in the Lord. But in Paul’s judgment she is happier if she remains as she is and he thinks he has the spirit of God (v. 40).


Paul’s comments here are overridden by his comments regarding widows under 60 being remarried to avoid being wanton (1Tim. 5:11).


Chapter 8

In chapter 8 He deals with the issue of food offered to idols. This was the basis of the discussion at the Acts 15 Conference (No. 069). Many had become slaves and as such they did not have control of the supply of food into the house. The comments regarding knowledge or Gnosis imply disputations about food, perhaps even according to Gnosticism (cf. Vegetarianism and the Bible (No. 183)).  


He states that Knowledge puffs up but love builds up. It is the love of God that builds one and he is known by God (vv. 2-3). He also deals with this issue in Romans chapter 14. Others were contemptuous of those who were bothered by these scruples. The arrogant and contemptuous he rebukes for their lack of love.


From verse 4 he goes on to say that an idol has no real existence and there is no God but one (Deut. 6:4; Jn. 17:3). From verse 5 he states that there are many elohim or theoi in heaven and on earth yet for us there is only One True God the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist and one Lord Jesus Christ through whom are all things (di’ ou a panta), and we through him (v. 6).


Here Paul restates the existence of the elohim as sons of God and comrades of Christ (Job 1:6; 2:1; 38:4-7; Deut. 32:8; Psalm 82:1, 6; and see also Mal. 2:10; Jn. 1:3, Rom. 11:36, Eph. 4:6, Col. 1:16 re the issues above).


It is those who being used to eating food offered to idols and with weak consciences are defiled.  Food does not commend us to God. We are no worse off if we do not eat and no better off if we do. However we are to take care less our liberty becomes a stumbling block to the weak. The issue is entirely food offered to idols and does not deal with unclean food as opposed to clean food authorized by Leviticus 11 and Deut. 14 under the Food Laws (No. 015). The argument assumes the Commandments of God are being kept and understood (cf. 6:19 above).


If anyone of the faith is seen eating meat in an idol’s temple and is the cause of one of the elect weak in faith to be damaged and for whom Christ died (v. 11) they are thus sinning against the brother and wounding their conscience when it is weak, one would thus trespass against Christ.  Paul therefore says if food is the cause of a brother’s falling he would rather not eat meat than cause his brother to fall. This is by no means an endorsement of vegetarianism which of itself is an accusation against the Laws of God.


Chapter 9

Paul then deals with his rights as in apostle in the church.  He is Free and not a slave hence he is able to dedicate himself in service to the Christ. He says that he has seen Christ (from his vision on the road to Damascus).  He then says that the brethren there are his workmanship in the Lord (vv. 1-2).


In verse 3 he begins by asserting the defence to the right to be supported in the work as an apostle (cf. 1Thes. 2:6).  He asks in verse 4, “Do we not have the right to our food and drink? Do we not have the right to be accompanied by a wife as the other apostles as the brothers of the Lord and Cephas? (v. 5).  Or is it only Barnabas and I that have no right to refrain from working for a living?  He then asks: Who serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard without eating any of its fruit? Who tends a flock without getting some of the milk? In verse 8 he then makes direct appeal to the Law of God. In verse 9 he specifically refers to the Law of God as given by Christ to Moses: “You shall not muzzle and ox while it treads the grain” (cf. also Deut. 25:4; 1Tim. 5:18). From verses 10-13 he states that the law was written for our sake; plowing and threshing in the hope of a share in the crop. Having sown spiritual good he has the hope of material benefit. Nevertheless, they have not made use of that right so as not to place an obstacle in the way of the gospel of Christ. Those employed by the Temple eat of the food of the Temple. Those who serve at the altar share in the sacrificial offerings (v. 13). Those who proclaim the gospel should get their living by the gospel (v. 14).” 


From verses 15 to 18 he says he has made no use of any of these rights, nor is he writing to secure any such provision. He would rather die than have anyone deprive him of his ground for boasting. Preaching the gospel gives one no ground for boasting, for that necessity is laid on him as it is all the elect. Woe to him if he does not preach (as indeed it is to all). If he does it of his own will he has a reward but if not of his own will he is entrusted with a commission. So what then is his reward? Just this that is their preaching he (and the elect) make the gospel free of charge not making full use of his right in the gospel.


In verse 19 he claims that he is free of all men. He has made himself a slave to all that he might win the more.  To the Jews he became a Jew in order to win Jews; to those under the law he became as one under the law (though not being himself under the law (by grace) in order to win those under the law. In verse 21 he says that to those outside the law, he became as one outside the law -- not being without law toward God but under the law of Christ that he might win those outside the law. (It was Christ who gave the law to Moses at Sinai; cf. Acts chapter 7:30-53; and 1Cor. 10:4 below.)


To the weak he became weak to win the weak and he became all things to all men that he might save some.  He does all these things for the sake of the gospel that he might share in its blessings (vv. 22-23).


From verse 24 he then uses the competitor analogy of competing to win the prize.  We are to run as to obtain it. In verse 25 he says every athlete exercises control in all things and does it to obtain a perishable wealth.  The elect compete to obtain and imperishable wealth. He however does not run aimlessly nor shadow box. He pommels his body and subdues it less after preaching to others he is disqualified (v. 27). See also Steps to Overcoming Sin (No. 011).


Chapter 10

In chapter 10 Paul then refers back to Israel in the wilderness and their place under Christ, as the Angel of the Presence at Sinai, when he gave the Law to Israel through Moses and he placed the authority on the elders as the Sanhedrin as the Seventy (two) at the Tabernacle (Num. 11:24-27 with Eldad and Medad as the two in the camp). In establishing this link he establishes the right of Christ to transfer the authority of the Sanhedrin to the Church (cf. Luke 10:1,17 re the Hebdomekonta (duo)). In verse 2 he established that we were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and the sea and all ate the supernatural food (v. 3). And all drank the same supernatural drink. For they drank from the supernatural rock that followed them and that rock was Christ (v. 4).


Nevertheless with most of them God was not pleased; for they were overthrown in the wilderness (v. 5) (Num. 14:29-30).


It is thus impossible to claim that it was not Christ as the Angel of the Presence that gave the Law to Moses and established judgment in Israel and that he had pre-existence as the elohim given Israel as his inheritance by Eloah the One True God in Deuteronomy 32:8. Thus he was the elohim of Israel referred to by David in Psalm 45:6-7 who was anointed above his comrades of the elohim by his Elohim, the One True God Eloah the Ha Elohim. This fact is confirmed by Hebrews 1:8-9. 


Christ was thus pre-existent as is explained in the paper Pre-existence of Jesus Christ (No. 243).


It is also logically absurd to claim Christ did away with the Law of God that he gave to Moses, as do the Antinomian Gnostics.


In verse 6 he states that these things (those overthrown in the wilderness) are warnings for us not to desire evil as they did. He warns the church not to be idolaters as some of them were. He refers to the records that “the people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to dance” in reference to the worship of the Golden Calf (No. 222) of the moon god Sin (Ex. 32:4-6).


He then warns of immorality indulged in by the multitude when twenty-three thousand died in a single day (v. 8) (Num. 25:1-18).


From verse 9 he refers to putting the Lord to the test as some of them did who were destroyed by serpents (Num. 21:5-6). Nor were they to grumble as some did (in the rebellion of Korah) and were destroyed by the destroyer (Num. 16:14-49).


In verse 11 Paul says that these were given to them as a warning but were recorded for our instruction upon whom the end of the ages has come. Therefore he who thinks he stands take heed lest he fall (v. 12). No temptation has overtaken them which was not common to man.  God is faithful and He will not let any be tempted beyond their strength; but with the temptation He will provide the way of escape that the tempted may be able to endure it (v. 13).


From verse 14 he says to shun the worship of idols. He speaks as to sensible men who are invited to judge for themselves what he says.  The cup of blessing which the Church blesses, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread which the church breaks (on 14 Abib at the Lord’s Supper) is it not a participation in the Body of Christ?  He then says that because there is one bread then the elect who are many all partake of the one Body for they all partake of the one Bread. See also One Bread, One Body (No. 012) and The Lord’s Supper (No. 103).


He then refers to the sacrifices of the body of Israel (v. 18). Are not those who eat the sacrifices partners in the altar? In verse 19 he then takes it on to the next step. What, is Paul implying that food offered to idols is anything? No, what he says is that what pagans sacrifice they offer to demons and not to God and he does not want them to be partners with demons (v. 20). The elect cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons (v. 21). He then poses the question shall we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he?


In verse 23 Paul then goes on to say that all things are lawful but not all things are helpful. All things are lawful but not all things build up. He is not speaking outside of the confines of the Laws of God as though the elect can choose any food or drink or conduct that is immoral which he has castigated elsewhere even here in the epistle. He says let no one seek their own good but the good of their neighbour (v. 24). In verse 25 he says to eat whatever is sold in the meat market without raising any question on the grounds of conscience.  This directly relates to the food that might be sacrificed to idols as examined above. In verse 26 he says for the earth is the Lord’s and everything in it. Therefore if some pagan has said some words over it before it goes to the market it is of no concern because it is all the Lord’s in the first place and we are not to be held responsible for the actions of pagan heretics who mumble words over it. So also if the unbelievers invite them to dinner go without raising questions as to their practices unless it is strangled or of blood as we saw in Acts 15. However, if the host says that it was sacrificed to idols then out of regard for his conscience, not yours, one should refrain from eating it. Why should their liberty be determined by another man’s scruples? (v. 29). If they partake with thanksgiving why are they to be denounced because of that for which they give thanks? In other words we are not restrained by the actions of pagan idolaters.


The chapter ends with the injunction that whatever the church does it is to be done to the glory of God.  Give no offence to Jews or Greeks or to the Church of God.  As Paul did, they were to try to please all men in everything they do, not seeking their own advantage, but that of the many, that they may be saved. He then invites them to be imitators of him, as he is of Christ (11:1 below).




Chapter 6

1When one of you has a grievance against a brother, does he dare go to law before the unrighteous instead of the saints? 2Do you not know that the saints will judge the world? And if the world is to be judged by you, are you incompetent to try trivial cases? 3Do you not know that we are to judge angels? How much more, matters pertaining to this life! 4If then you have such cases, why do you lay them before those who are least esteemed by the church? 5I say this to your shame. Can it be that there is no man among you wise enough to decide between members of the brotherhood, 6but brother goes to law against brother, and that before unbelievers? 7To have lawsuits at all with one another is defeat for you. Why not rather suffer wrong? Why not rather be defrauded? 8But you yourselves wrong and defraud, and that even your own brethren. 9Do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not be deceived; neither the immoral, nor idolaters, nor adulterers, nor sexual perverts, 10nor thieves, nor the greedy, nor drunkards, nor revilers, nor robbers will inherit the kingdom of God. 11And such were some of you. But you were washed, you were sanctified, you were justified in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ and in the Spirit of our God. 12"All things are lawful for me," but not all things are helpful. "All things are lawful for me," but I will not be enslaved by anything. 13"Food is meant for the stomach and the stomach for food" --and God will destroy both one and the other. The body is not meant for immorality, but for the Lord, and the Lord for the body. 14And God raised the Lord and will also raise us up by his power. 15Do you not know that your bodies are members of Christ? Shall I therefore take the members of Christ and make them members of a prostitute? Never! 16Do you not know that he who joins himself to a prostitute becomes one body with her? For, as it is written, "The two shall become one flesh." 17But he who is united to the Lord becomes one spirit with him. 18Shun immorality. Every other sin which a man commits is outside the body; but the immoral man sins against his own body. 19Do you not know that your body is a temple of the Holy Spirit within you, which you have from God? You are not your own; 20you were bought with a price. So glorify God in your body.


Chapter 7

1Now concerning the matters about which you wrote. It is well for a man not to touch a woman. 2But because of the temptation to immorality, each man should have his own wife and each woman her own husband. 3The husband should give to his wife her conjugal rights, and likewise the wife to her husband. 4For the wife does not rule over her own body, but the husband does; likewise the husband does not rule over his own body, but the wife does. 5Do not refuse one another except perhaps by agreement for a season, that you may devote yourselves to prayer; but then come together again, lest Satan tempt you through lack of self-control. 6I say this by way of concession, not of command. 7I wish that all were as I myself am. But each has his own special gift from God, one of one kind and one of another. 8To the unmarried and the widows I say that it is well for them to remain single as I do. 9But if they cannot exercise self-control, they should marry. For it is better to marry than to be aflame with passion. 10To the married I give charge, not I but the Lord, that the wife should not separate from her husband 11but if she does, let her remain single or else be reconciled to her husband) --and that the husband should not divorce his wife. 12To the rest I say, not the Lord, that if any brother has a wife who is an unbeliever, and she consents to live with him, he should not divorce her. 13If any woman has a husband who is an unbeliever, and he consents to live with her, she should not divorce him. 14For the unbelieving husband is consecrated through his wife, and the unbelieving wife is consecrated through her husband. Otherwise, your children would be unclean, but as it is they are holy. 15But if the unbelieving partner desires to separate, let it be so; in such a case the brother or sister is not bound. For God has called us to peace. 16Wife, how do you know whether you will save your husband? Husband, how do you know whether you will save your wife? 17Only, let every one lead the life which the Lord has assigned to him, and in which God has called him. This is my rule in all the churches. 18Was any one at the time of his call already circumcised? Let him not seek to remove the marks of circumcision. Was any one at the time of his call uncircumcised? Let him not seek circumcision. 19For neither circumcision counts for anything nor uncircumcision, but keeping the commandments of God. 20Every one should remain in the state in which he was called. 21Were you a slave when called? Never mind. But if you can gain your freedom, avail yourself of the opportunity. 22For he who was called in the Lord as a slave is a freedman of the Lord. Likewise he who was free when called is a slave of Christ. 23You were bought with a price; do not become slaves of men. 24So, brethren, in whatever state each was called, there let him remain with God. 25Now concerning the unmarried, I have no command of the Lord, but I give my opinion as one who by the Lord's mercy is trustworthy. 26I think that in view of the present distress it is well for a person to remain as he is. 27Are you bound to a wife? Do not seek to be free. Are you free from a wife? Do not seek marriage. 28But if you marry, you do not sin, and if a girl marries she does not sin. Yet those who marry will have worldly troubles, and I would spare you that. 29I mean, brethren, the appointed time has grown very short; from now on, let those who have wives live as though they had none, 30and those who mourn as though they were not mourning, and those who rejoice as though they were not rejoicing, and those who buy as though they had no goods, 31and those who deal with the world as though they had no dealings with it. For the form of this world is passing away. 32I want you to be free from anxieties. The unmarried man is anxious about the affairs of the Lord, how to please the Lord; 33but the married man is anxious about worldly affairs, how to please his wife, 34and his interests are divided. And the unmarried woman or girl is anxious about the affairs of the Lord, how to be holy in body and spirit; but the married woman is anxious about worldly affairs, how to please her husband. 35I say this for your own benefit, not to lay any restraint upon you, but to promote good order and to secure your undivided devotion to the Lord. 36If any one thinks that he is not behaving properly toward his betrothed, if his passions are strong, and it has to be, let him do as he wishes: let them marry--it is no sin. 37But whoever is firmly established in his heart, being under no necessity but having his desire under control, and has determined this in his heart, to keep her as his betrothed, he will do well. 38So that he who marries his betrothed does well; and he who refrains from marriage will do better. 39A wife is bound to her husband as long as he lives. If the husband dies, she is free to be married to whom she wishes, only in the Lord. 40But in my judgment she is happier if she remains as she is. And I think that I have the Spirit of God.


Chapter 8

1Now concerning food offered to idols: we know that "all of us possess knowledge." "Knowledge" puffs up, but love builds up. 2If any one imagines that he knows something, he does not yet know as he ought to know. 3But if one loves God, one is known by him. 4Hence, as to the eating of food offered to idols, we know that "an idol has no real existence," and that "there is no God but one." 5For although there may be so-called gods in heaven or on earth--as indeed there are many "gods" and many "lords" -- 6yet for us there is one God, the Father, from whom are all things and for whom we exist, and one Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom are all things and through whom we exist. 7However, not all possess this knowledge. But some, through being hitherto accustomed to idols, eat food as really offered to an idol; and their conscience, being weak, is defiled. 8Food will not commend us to God. We are no worse off if we do not eat, and no better off if we do. 9Only take care lest this liberty of yours somehow become a stumbling block to the weak. 10For if any one sees you, a man of knowledge, at table in an idol's temple, might he not be encouraged, if his conscience is weak, to eat food offered to idols? 11And so by your knowledge this weak man is destroyed, the brother for whom Christ died. 12Thus, sinning against your brethren and wounding their conscience when it is weak, you sin against Christ. 13Therefore, if food is a cause of my brother's falling, I will never eat meat, lest I cause my brother to fall.


Chapter 9

1Am I not free? Am I not an apostle? Have I not seen Jesus our Lord? Are not you my workmanship in the Lord? 2If to others I am not an apostle, at least I am to you; for you are the seal of my apostleship in the Lord. 3This is my defense to those who would examine me. 4Do we not have the right to our food and drink? 5Do we not have the right to be accompanied by a wife, as the other apostles and the brothers of the Lord and Cephas? 6Or is it only Barnabas and I who have no right to refrain from working for a living? 7Who serves as a soldier at his own expense? Who plants a vineyard without eating any of its fruit? Who tends a flock without getting some of the milk? 8Do I say this on human authority? Does not the law say the same? 9For it is written in the law of Moses, "You shall not muzzle an ox when it is treading out the grain." Is it for oxen that God is concerned? 10Does he not speak entirely for our sake? It was written for our sake, because the plowman should plow in hope and the thresher thresh in hope of a share in the crop. 11If we have sown spiritual good among you, is it too much if we reap your material benefits? 12If others share this rightful claim upon you, do not we still more? Nevertheless, we have not made use of this right, but we endure anything rather than put an obstacle in the way of the gospel of Christ. 13Do you not know that those who are employed in the temple service get their food from the temple, and those who serve at the altar share in the sacrificial offerings? 14In the same way, the Lord commanded that those who proclaim the gospel should get their living by the gospel. 15But I have made no use of any of these rights, nor am I writing this to secure any such provision. For I would rather die than have any one deprive me of my ground for boasting. 16For if I preach the gospel, that gives me no ground for boasting. For necessity is laid upon me. Woe to me if I do not preach the gospel! 17For if I do this of my own will, I have a reward; but if not of my own will, I am entrusted with a commission. 18What then is my reward? Just this: that in my preaching I may make the gospel free of charge, not making full use of my right in the gospel. 19For though I am free from all men, I have made myself a slave to all, that I might win the more. 20To the Jews I became as a Jew, in order to win Jews; to those under the law I became as one under the law--though not being myself under the law--that I might win those under the law. 21To those outside the law I became as one outside the law--not being without law toward God but under the law of Christ--that I might win those outside the law. 22To the weak I became weak, that I might win the weak. I have become all things to all men, that I might by all means save some. 23I do it all for the sake of the gospel, that I may share in its blessings. 24Do you not know that in a race all the runners compete, but only one receives the prize? So run that you may obtain it. 25Every athlete exercises self-control in all things. They do it to receive a perishable wreath, but we an imperishable. 26Well, I do not run aimlessly, I do not box as one beating the air; 27 but I pommel my body and subdue it, lest after preaching to others I myself should be disqualified.


Chapter 10

1I want you to know, brethren, that our fathers were all under the cloud, and all passed through the sea, 2and all were baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea, 3and all ate the same supernatural food 4and all drank the same supernatural drink. For they drank from the supernatural Rock which followed them, and the Rock was Christ. 5Nevertheless with most of them God was not pleased; for they were overthrown in the wilderness. 6Now these things are warnings for us, not to desire evil as they did. 7Do not be idolaters as some of them were; as it is written, "The people sat down to eat and drink and rose up to dance." 8We must not indulge in immorality as some of them did, and twenty-three thousand fell in a single day. 9We must not put the Lord to the test, as some of them did and were destroyed by serpents; 10nor grumble, as some of them did and were destroyed by the Destroyer. 11Now these things happened to them as a warning, but they were written down for our instruction, upon whom the end of the ages has come. 12Therefore let any one who thinks that he stands take heed lest he fall. 13No temptation has overtaken you that is not common to man. God is faithful, and he will not let you be tempted beyond your strength, but with the temptation will also provide the way of escape, that you may be able to endure it. 14Therefore, my beloved, shun the worship of idols. 15I speak as to sensible men; judge for yourselves what I say. 16The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not a participation in the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not a participation in the body of Christ? 17Because there is one bread, we who are many are one body, for we all partake of the one bread. 18Consider the people of Israel; are not those who eat the sacrifices partners in the altar? 19What do I imply then? That food offered to idols is anything, or that an idol is anything? 20No, I imply that what pagans sacrifice they offer to demons and not to God. I do not want you to be partners with demons. 21You cannot drink the cup of the Lord and the cup of demons. You cannot partake of the table of the Lord and the table of demons. 22Shall we provoke the Lord to jealousy? Are we stronger than he? 23"All things are lawful," but not all things are helpful. "All things are lawful," but not all things build up. 24Let no one seek his own good, but the good of his neighbor. 25Eat whatever is sold in the meat market without raising any question on the ground of conscience. 26For "the earth is the Lord's, and everything in it." 27If one of the unbelievers invites you to dinner and you are disposed to go, eat whatever is set before you without raising any question on the ground of conscience. 28(But if some one says to you, "This has been offered in sacrifice," then out of consideration for the man who informed you, and for conscience' sake-- 29I mean his conscience, not yours--do not eat it.) For why should my liberty be determined by another man's scruples? 30If I partake with thankfulness, why am I denounced because of that for which I give thanks? 31So, whether you eat or drink, or whatever you do, do all to the glory of God. 32Give no offense to Jews or to Greeks or to the church of God, 33just as I try to please all men in everything I do, not seeking my own advantage, but that of many, that they may be saved.


Bullinger’s Notes on 1Corinthians Chs. 6-10 (for KJV)


Chapter 6

Verse 1

any. App-123.

against. App-104.

another = the other. App-124.

go to law. Literally be judged. App-122.

before. App-104.

unjust. Greek. adikos. See Acts 24:15 and compare App-128.

saints. See Acts 26:10.


Verse 2

Do ye not know = Know ye not. See 1 Corinthians 3:16 and compare verses: 1 Corinthians 6:31 Corinthians 6:91 Corinthians 3:151 Corinthians 3:161 Corinthians 3:19.

know. App-132.

judge. Greek. krino, as in 1 Corinthians 6:1.

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

if. App-118.

by. Greek. en. App-104.

unworthy. Greek. anaxios. Only here.

to judge, &c. Literally of the least judgments (App-177.)


Verse 3

how much more. Greek. meti ge. Frequently used with a negative question, as a strong remonstrance. See Matthew 26:22John 18:35Acts 10:47.

things, &c. Greek. biotikos. Only here, 1 Corinthians 6:4, and Luke 21:34 (which see).


Verse 4

If. App-118.

judgments. See 1 Corinthians 6:2.

set . . . to judge. Literally cause . . . to sit. Greek. kathizo. Compare Ephesians 1:20.

least esteemed = counted as nothing. Greek. exoutheneo. See Acts 4:11.

in. App-104.

church. App-186.


Verse 5

to. App-104.

shame. Greek. entrope. Only here and 1 Corinthians 15:34. Compare the verb in 1 Corinthians 4:14.

Is it so. Greek. houtos. Emph. standing fist in the sentence. It may be rendered "Has it come to this? "

among. App-104.

no, not one. Greek. oude (not even) heis (one): but the texts read oudeis, no one.

judge. App-122.

between = in (Greek. ana. App-104.) the midst of.

brethren = his brother.


Verse 6

unbelievers. Greek. apistos. See App-150.


Verse 7

utterly = altogether. See 1 Corinthians 5:1.

fault. Greek. hettema. App-128. Only here and Romans 11:12.

go to law. Literally have judgments (Greek. krima. App-177.)

one with another. Literally with yourselves.

take wrong = suffer unjustly. Greek. pass, of adikeo. See Acts 7:24.

suffer, &c. = be defrauded. Greek. apostereo. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 6:81 Corinthians 7:5Mark 10:191 Timothy 6:5James 5:4.


Verse 8

Nay = But.

do wrong = act unjustly. Greek. adikeo, as above.


Verse 9

unrighteous. Same as unjust (1 Corinthians 6:1).

the kingdom of God. See App-114, and Compare 1 Corinthians 4:20.

not. App-105.

deceived. Greek. planao. This caution occurs three times in Paul"s epistles; here, 1 Corinthians 15:33Galatians 1:6Galatians 1:7, and once in James (1 Corinthians 1:16).

neither . . . nor. Greek. oute.

idolaters. See 1 Corinthians 5:10.

effeminate. Greek. malakos. Elsewhere transl, "soft". Matthew 11:8Luke 7:25.

abusers, &c. Greek. arsenokoites. Only here and 1 Timothy 1:10. Compare Romans 1:27.


Verse 10

thieves. Greek. kleptes. See John 10:1.

covetous, &c. See 1 Corinthians 5:101 Corinthians 5:11.

nor. The three last occurances are Greek. ou.


Verse 11

such. Literally these things.

some. App-123.

washed. Greek. apolouo. App-136. Only here and Acts 22:16. Compare John 13:10.

sanctified. Greek. hagiazo. See John 17:17.

justified. App-191.

Lord. App-98.

Jesus = Jesus Christ. App-98.

Spirit. App-101.

God. App-98.


Verse 12

unto = to.

all things, &c. = not all things are profitable (Greek. sumphero. Compare John 11:50John 16:7Acts 20:20).

for = to.

brought under, &c. Greek. pass, of exousiazo, to have authority over. Elsewhere 1 Corinthians 7:4Luke 22:25.

of = by. App-104.


Verse 13

destroy = bring to nought. Greek. katargeo. See Romans 3:3.


Verse 14

hath. Omit.

raised up. Greek. egeiro. App-178.

raise up. Greek. exegeiro. App-178. Compare Romans 9:17.

by = through. App-104. 1 Corinthians 6:1.

power. Greek. dunamis. App-172. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:432 Corinthians 13:4Ephesians 1:19Ephesians 1:21.


Verse 15

Christ. App-98.

God forbid. Greek. me genoito. The eleventh occurance of this expression in Paul"s epistles. See Romans 3:4.


Verse 16

What? = Greek.

joined. Greek. kollao. See Luke 15:15.

for two, &c. The quotation is from Genesis 2:24 (Septuagint)

one = into (Greek. eis. App-104.) one. Compare Matthew 19:5, where the same idiom occurs.


Verse 17

spirit. App-101. Compare 1 Corinthians 6:151 Corinthians 12:13.


Verse 18

Every, i.e. every other.

sin. App-128.

man. App-123.

without. Greek. ektos. Occurs: Matthew 23:26 (outside). 2 Corinthians 12:22 Corinthians 12:3 (out of).

sinneth. App-128.

against. App-104.


Verse 19

the = a.

Temple. Greek. naos. See 1 Corinthians 3:16.

Holy Ghost = Holy Spirit. App-101.

of = from. App-104.


Verse 20

are = were.

bought. Greek. agorazo. Occurs thirty-one times, always translated "buy", save Revelation 5:9Revelation 14:3Revelation 14:4.

glorify. Greek. doxazo. See p. 1511.

and in your spirit, &c. All the texts omit.


Chapter 7

Verse 1

concerning. App-104.

the things whereof = what things.

ye wrote. The Corinthians had written a letter, but carefully avoided any reference to the disorders among themselves. These had been reported by the members of Chloe"s family (1 Corinthians 1:111 Corinthians 1:12), and the scandal referred to in 1Co 5was a common report, which was perhaps made known by Stephanas and others (1 Corinthians 16:17). But see Hebrews 13:4.

unto = to.

man. App-123.


Verse 2

Nevertheless = But.

to avoid = on account of. App-104. 1 Corinthians 7:2.

every = each.

husband. App-123.


Verse 3

benevolence. Greek. eunoia. Only here and Ephesians 6:7; but instead of "due benevolence", all the texts read "the debt", Greek. opheile, which Occurs elsewhere only in Matthew 18:32Romans 13:7.

also the wife = the wife also.


Verse 4

hath . . . power. Greek. exousiazo. See 1 Corinthians 6:12.

not. App-105.


Verse 5

Defraud. Greek. apostereo, as in 1 Corinthians 6:7. Here, deprive

one the other = one another.

except. Greek. ei me.

with = from. App-104.

consent. Greek. sumphonos. Only here. Compare Acts 5:9.

time = season.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

give yourselves to = have leisure for. Greek. scholazo. Only here and Matthew 12:44. Compare Acts 19:9 (school).

fasting and. All the texts omit.

prayer. App-134.

together. Greek. epi to auto. See Acts 1:15Acts 2:1.

for = on account of. App-104. 1 Corinthians 7:2.

incontinency. Greek. alcrasia. Only here and Matthew 23:25.


Verse 6

by = according to. App-104.

permission. Greek. sungnome. Only here.

commandment. Greek. epitage. See Romans 16:26.


Verse 7

would. App-.

proper. Greek. idios. Same as "own" in verses: 1 Corinthians 7:71 Corinthians 7:11 Corinthians 2:41 Corinthians 2:37.

gift. App-184.

of = from. App-104.

God. App-98.

after this manner . . . after that. Greek. houtos . . . houtos.


Verse 8

I say therefore = But I say.

unmarried. Greek. agamos. Only here, verses: 1 Corinthians 7:111 Corinthians 7:321 Corinthians 11:34.

if. App-118.

abide = remain. Greek. meno. Seep. 1511.


Verse 9

if. App-118.

cannot contain = have not (Greek. ou) self-control. Greek. engkrateuomai. Only here and 1 Corinthians 9:25. Compare Acts 24:25Titus 1:8. Occurs in Septuagint Genesis 43:311 Samuel 13:12 (forced).

burn. Greek. puroomai. Elsewhere, 2 Corinthians 11:29Ephesians 6:162 Peter 3:12Revelation 1:15Revelation 3:18.


Verse 10

command. Greek. parangello. See Acts 1:4.

yet, &c. Figure of speech Epanorthosis. App-6.

Lord. App-98. Compare Matthew 5:32.

Let not the wife. Literally That the wife should not.

depart = be separated. Greek. chorizo. In Matthew 19:6, put asunder.

from. App-104.


Verse 11

remain = abide, as in 1 Corinthians 7:8.

reconciled. Greek. katallasso. See Romans 5:10.

put away = send away. Greek. aphiemi. App-174.


Verse 12

the rest. App-124.

any. App-123.

a wife, &c. = an unbelieving (Greek. apistos, as in 1 Corinthians 6:6) wife.

be pleased. Greek. suneudokeo. See Acts 8:1.

dwell. Greek. oikeo. See Romans 7:17.


Verse 13

an husband, &c. = an unbelieving (as in 1 Corinthians 7:12) husband.

if. Omit.

leave. Greek. aphiemi, as in 1 Corinthians 7:11. The same tense and voice, and should therefore be rendered "send away". The absolutely equal rights of husband and wife are insisted on throughout the chapter. See verses: 1 Corinthians 7:31 Corinthians 7:5, &c.

him. All the texts read "her husband".


Verse 14

sanctified. Greek. hagiazo. See John 17:17John 17:19.

by = in. App-104.

husband. All the texts read "brother", i.e. believer, or Christian brother.

else = since otherwise.

children. App-108.

unclean. Compare Peter"s use of this word in Acts 10:14Acts 10:28.

holy. Greek. hagios. This, as contrasted with "unclean", must be in the same ceremonial sense, but there maybe a thought of the dedication of the child to God by the believing parent, and the influence he or she would exercise upon it.


Verse 15

is not under bondage = has not been enslaved (App-190.)

in. App-104.

to = in, as above. Peace is the atmosphere of the Christian calling, and should decide all the problems of life. Compare 1 Corinthians 14:33Romans 12:182 Corinthians 13:11Colossians 3:15.


Verse 16

knowest. App-132.

whether = if. App-118.

man = husband, as above. Here are the Figures of speech Antimetathesis and Apostrophe. App-6.


Verse 17

But. Greek. ei me, as 1 Corinthians 7:5.

God . . . the Lord. These should be transposed. Compare 1 Corinthians 1:9Romans 8:30Galatians 1:1Galatians 1:15Ephesians 4:41 Thessalonians 2:122 Thessalonians 2:132 Thessalonians 2:142 Timothy 1:9.

distributed = divided, or imparted. Greek. merizo. Occurs fourteen times. Always translated divided, except here, 1 Corinthians 7:34Romans 12:32 Corinthians 10:13Hebrews 7:2.

every one. Same as "every man".

ordain = appoint. Greek. diatassomai. See Acts 7:44.

churches. App-186.


Verse 18

Is = Was.

any man, any = any (one). Greek. tis. App-123.

being = having been.


Verse 19

nothing. Greek. oudeis. Compare Galatians 1:5Galatians 1:6Galatians 6:15.

keeping = guarding. Greek. teresis. This is the Figure of speech Ellipsis (App-6). Supply "is every thing", or "is alone important".


Verse 20

same. Omit.

wherein = in (Greek. en) which. The order in the Greek is, "Each one in the calling in which he was called, in this let him remain".


Verse 21

Art = Wast.

servant = slave. App-190.

care, &c. = let it not be a care to thee.

mayest = canst.

be made = become.

use. Greek. chraomai. See Acts 27:3.


Verse 22

is = was.

Lord. App-98.

freeman = absolutely free. Greek. apeleutheros, a much stronger word than "free" in 1 Corinthians 7:21. Only here.

also. Omit.

Christ"s. App-98.


Verse 23

are = were.

bought. See 1 Corinthians 6:20.


Verse 24

therein = in (Greek. en) this.

with. Greek. para. App-104.


Verse 25

no = not. Greek. ou. App-105.

judgment = opinion. App-177.

obtained mercy. See 1 Timothy 1:131 Timothy 1:16.

of = by. App-104.

faithful. App-150and App-.


Verse 26

suppose = reckon. Greek. nomizo. See Luke 3:23Acts 14:19.

is. Greek. huparcho. See Luke 9:48.

present. Greek. enistemi. See Romans 8:38.

distress = need. Greek. anangke. Compare Luke 21:23.


Verse 27

bound. Greek. deo, not doudoe, as in 1 Corinthians 7:15

to be loosed = release. Greek. lusis. Only here.

loosed. Greek. pass, of luo.


Verse 28

But and = Moreover.

hast not = wouldst not have.

sinned. App-128.

hath not = would not have.

trouble = tribulation. Greek. thlpsis. See Acts 7:10, and compare Matthew 24:19-21.

spare. Greek. pheidomai. See Acts 20:29.


Verse 29

time = season.

short = shortened, or contracted. Greek. sustello Only here and Acts 5:6. Compare 1 John 2:18.

it remaineth = as for the rest it is. See "besides" in 1 Corinthians 1:16.

though they had none = not (Greek. me) having (any).


Verse 30

possessed. Greek. katecho, to hold fast. Compare 1 Corinthians 15:2.


Verse 31

world. Greek. kosmos. App-129.

abusing = using to the full. Greek. katachraomai. Only here und 1 Corinthians 9:18. The force of kata is intensive. Compare katesthio, devour, eat up (2 Corinthians 11:20). See Colossians 3:21 John 2:15.

fashion. Greek. schema. Only here and Philippians 1:2Philippians 1:8. Compare Psalms 39:6.

passeth away. Greek. parago. Compare 1 John 2:17, where the same word is used.


Verse 32

have you = that you should be.

without carefulness = free from anxiety. Greek. amerimnos. Only here and Matthew 28:14.

careth. Gr merimnao. Occurs twelve times in the Gospels translated "take thought", save Luke 10:41 (be careful); four times in this chapter; 1 Corinthians 12:25Philippians 1:2Philippians 1:20Philippians 4:6.

that belong to = of. App-17.


Verse 33

that are. Omit.


Verse 34

There is, &c. The texts vary here. See Revised Version.

There is difference between. Greek. merizo, as in 1 Corinthians 7:17 (distributed).

body = the body.

spirit = the spirit. App-101.


Verse 35

profit. Greek. sumphero. Same as "expedient" (1 Corinthians 6:12).

snare. Greek. brochos. Only here. Something to hamper or fetter.

that which is comely = decorum or propriety. Greek. euschemon. See Acts 13:50.

that ye may attend = for devoted attention. Greek. euprosedros. The texts read euparedros, with the same meaning. Only here.

without distraction. Greek. aperispastos. Only here. The verb penspaomai is used in Luke 10:40 (cumber).


Verse 36

think. Same as "suppose", 1 Corinthians 7:26.

behaveth, &c. = acts unseemly. Greek. aschemoneo. Only here and 1 Corinthians 13:5.

virgin, i.e. virgin daughter.

pass, &c. = be of full age. Greek. huperakmos. Only here.

need so require = it ought to be so.


Verse 37

stedfast. Greek. hedraios. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 15:58Colossians 1:23.

having no = not (Greek. me, as 1 Corinthians 7:1) having.

necessity = constraint. Greek. anangke, as in 1 Corinthians 7:26.

power = authority. Greek. exousia. App-172.

over = concerning. Greek. peri, as in 1 Corinthians 7:1.

will. App-102.

decreed = decided, or judged. App-122.


Verse 38

giveth . . . in marriage. Greek. ekgamizo. Elsewhere, Matthew 22:30Matthew 24:38Luke 17:27.

Verse 39

by the law. The texts omit.

as long as = for (Greek. epi. App-104.) such time as.

be dead. App-171.

at liberty = free, as in verses: 1 Corinthians 7:21-22.


Verse 40

after = according to. App-104.

Spirit of God = Divine spirit. App-101.


Chapter 8

Verse 1

as touching = concerning. App-104.

things, &c. = the things offered to idols. Greek. eidolothutos. See Acts 15:29. This was another subject about which they had written.

know. App-132.

all. i.e. the greater part. Figure of speech Idioma. App-6.

knowledge. App-132.

puffeth up. Greek. phusioo. See 1 Corinthians 4:6. This sentence and the next two verses form a parenthesis.

charity = love. App-135.

edifieth = buildeth up. Greek. orkodomeo. See Acts 9:31. Contrast between a bubble and a building.


Verse 2

if App-118.

any man . . . any thing. Greek. tis. App-123.

knoweth. App-132. with texts.

nothing yet = not yet any thing. Greek. oudepo oudeis. A double negative. The texts read single negative.


Verse 3

love App-135.

God. App-98.

the same = this one.

of = by. App-104.


Verse 4

As concerning. Greek. peri, as in 1 Corinthians 8:1.

eating. Greek. brosis.

those = the.

things . . . idols. Same word as in 1 Corinthians 8:1, though it is translated by a longer phrase.

nothing. Greek. oudeis.

world. App-129.

none = no, Greek. oudeis.

other. The texts omit.

but. Greek. ei me.


Verse 5

gods. App-98. Compare Psalms 82:1Psalms 82:6.

heaven. No art. See Matthew 6:9Matthew 6:10.

in = upon. App-104.

earth. Greek. ge. App-129.

lords. Greek. kurios. Compare App-98and App-4.


Verse 6

in = unto. App-104. Compare Romans 11:36.

Lord. App-98.

Jesus Christ. App-98.

by = by means of. App-104. 1 Corinthians 8:1. Compare John 1:3Colossians 1:16Hebrews 1:2.

we by Him. Compare John 14:6Romans 5:1Philippians 1:1Philippians 1:11.


Verse 7

not. App-105.

every man = all.

that = the.

some. App-124.

conscience. i.e. conviction. Greek. suneidesis, but the texts read (first occurance) sunnetheia, custom (see John 18:39John 11:16). The meaning is much the same. Having been so long accustomed to believe the idol to have a real existence, they still regard the sacrifice as a real one.

unto = until.

this hour = now.

defiled = polluted. Greek. moluno. Only here and Revelation 3:4Revelation 14:4.


Verse 8

commendeth = presenteth. Greek. paristemi. See Acts 1:3, and compare 2 Corinthians 11:2Ephesians 5:27Colossians 1:22Colossians 1:28.

if. App-118.

are we the better. Literally do we exceed.

are we the worse. Literally do we lack, or come short. Greek. hustereo. See Romans 3:23.


Verse 9

take heed = see, or look to it. App-133.

lest by any means. Greek. mepos.

liberty = authority, or right. App-172.

stumblingblock. Greek. proskomma. See Romans 9:32.

them that are = the.


Verse 10

see. App-133.

sit at meat = sitting down.

idol"s temple. Greek. eidoleion. Only here.

conscience. Greek. suneidesis.

which = since he.

emboldened. Literally built up. Greek. oikodomeo, as in 1 Corinthians 8:1. There is Irony (App-6) here. Instead of building up the weak brother, the edifice will come tottering down (1 Corinthians 8:11).

to eat = for (Greek. eis) eating.


Verse 11

through = upon. App-104. The texts read "in", Greek. en.

perish. Greek. apollumi. See 1 Corinthians 1:18.

for = on account of. App-104. 1 Corinthians 8:2.

Christ. App-98. This sentence is not a question.


Verse 12

sin. App-128.

against. App-104.

wound = strike.

their, &c. = their conscience since it is weak.


Verse 13

Wherefore. Greek. dioper. Here, 1 Corinthians 10:14, and 1 Corinthians 14:13.

offend = stumble. Greek. skandalizo, to cast a snare before one. Occurs twenty-six times in the Gospels; here, Romans 14:212 Corinthians 11:29.

eat no flesh = by no means (Greek. ou me. App-105) eat flesh (Greek. kreas. Only here and Romans 14:21).

while the world standeth = unto the age. App-151.

lest I = in order that (Greek. hina) I may not (Greek. me. App-105).


Chapter 9

Verse 1

not. First two and fourth occurance. App-105.

apostle. App-189. The texts transpose the first two questions.

not. Third occurance. App-105.

seen. App-133.

Jesus Christ = Jesus. App-98.

Lord. App-98.

Lord. App-98.


Verse 2

unto = to.

others. App-124.

doubtless = at least. seal. Greek. sphragis.

apostleship. Greek. apostole. See Acts 1:25.


Verse 3

answer = defence. Greek. apologia. See Acts 22:1.

examine. App-122.


Verse 4

not. Greek. me ou. The me stands for the question.

power = authority, or right. Greek. exousia. App-172.

to eat, &c. i.e. at the expense of the assembly.


Verse 5

a sister a wife. i.e. a wife who is a believer, and so entitled to be provided for, as well as her husband.

other = the rest of the. App-124.

brethren. See App-182.


Verse 6

Barnabas. It would appear then that Barnabas adopted the same method as Paul, of working for his living.

to forbear working = of not (Greek. me) working.


Verse 7

goeth a warfare = serves as a soldier. Greek. strateuomai. Occ elsewhere, Luke 3:14 (which see). 2 Corinthians 10:3. 1 Timothy 1:18. 2 Timothy 2:4. James 4:1. 1 Peter 2:11.

charges. Greek. opsonion. Literally soldier"s rations. Occurs elsewhere and translated "wages", Luke 3:14. Romans 6:23. 2 Corinthians 11:8.

vineyard. The only reference to a vineyard in N.T., besides our Lord"s three parables.

of. App-104.


Verse 8

Say I, &c. The question is introduced by me (1 Corinthians 9:4), and there is an Ellipsis of "only".

as-according to. Greek. kata. App-104.

man. Greek. anthropos (App-123.), i.e. according to the universal practice of men.

the same also = also these things.


Verse 9

is = has been.

Moses. Occurs twice in this Epistle, here and 1 Corinthians 10:2. Compare Matthew 8:4.

muzzle. Greek. phimoo. See Luke 4:38 (hold . . . peace).

treadeth out the corn = thresheth. Greek. aloao. Only here, 1 Corinthians 9:10 and 1 Timothy 5:18, where the same quotation from Deuteronomy 25:4 is found.

Doth, &c. The question begins with me, as in 1 Corinthians 9:8, nnd expects the answer "No". But He does care. See Job 38:41. Matthew 6:26; Matthew 10:29. So there is an Ellipsis of the word "only" after "oxen". Compare 1 Corinthians 9:8.

God. App-98.


Verse 10

for our sakes = on account of (Greek. dia. App-104. 1 Corinthians 9:2) us.

is = was.

ploweth. Greek. arotriao. Only here and Luke 17:7.

should = ought to.

in = upon. App-104.

thresheth. See 1 Corinthians 9:9.

should be, &c. The texts read "(should do so) upon the hope of partaking (of the fruit). "

be partaker = share. Greek. metecho. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 9:12; 1 Corinthians 10:17, 1 Corinthians 10:21, 1 Corinthians 10:30. Hebrews 2:14; Hebrews 5:13; Hebrews 7:13.


Verse 11

spiritual things = the spiritual (things). Greek. pneumatikos. See 1 Corinthians 12:1.

carnal. Greek. sarkikos. See Romans 7:14.


Verse 12

have not used = did not use. Greek. chraomai. See Acts 27:3.

suffer = bear. Greek. stego, to cover. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 13:7. 1 Thessalonians 3:1, 1 Thessalonians 3:5 (forbear).

lest, &c. = in order that (Greek. hina) we might not (Greek. me. App-105).

hinder. Literally give any hindrance. Greek. engkope. Only here. Compare Acts 24:4.

gospel. App-140.

Christ = the Christ. App-98.


Verse 13

Do ye not know = Know ye not. See 1 Corinthians 3:16.

know. App-132.

minister. Same word as "work" 1 Corinthians 9:6.

holy things. Greek. hieros. Only here and 2 Timothy 3:15.

live = eat. See Deuteronomy 18:1.

temple. Greek. hieron, neut. of hieros. The temple generally. See Matthew 23:16.

wait. Greek. prosedreuo. Only here, but the texts read paredreuo, same meaning.

are partakers = divide. Greek. summerizomai. Only here.


Verse 14

Even so, &c. = So did the Lord also ordain.

ordained. Greek. diatasso. See Acts 7:44.

preach. App-121.


Verse 15

neither have I written = and I wrote not (Greek. ou).

that = in order that. Greek. hina.

unto = in (App-104.), i.e. in my case.

better, &c. = well for me to die, rather.

any man. Greek. tis. App-123. The texts read oudeis.

make . . . void. Greek. kenoo. See Philippians 1:2, Philippians 1:7.

glorying = boasting, as in 1 Corinthians 5:6.


Verse 16

though = if. App-118.

preach the gospel. App-121.

nothing to glory of = no (Greek. ou) (cause of) boasting (as in 1 Corinthians 9:15).

necessity. Gr. ananke. Compare 1 Corinthians 7:37.

is laid = lies. Greek. epikeimai. See Acts 27:20.

yea. The texts read "for".

if. App-118.


Verse 17

do = practise. Greek. prasso. See John 3:20.

willingly = being willing. Greek. hekon. Only here and Romans 8:20.

against my will = being unwilling. Greek. akon. Only here.

a dispensation, &c, = I have been entrusted with (Greek. pisteuo. App-150.) a stewardship. I am therefore in duty bound to fulfill it.

dispensation = stewardship, or administration, the work of an oikonomoa (1 Corinthians 4:1). Elsewhere, Luke 16:2, Luke 16:3, Luke 16:4. Ephesians 1:10; Ephesians 3:2. Colossians 1:25. 1 Timothy 1:4.

is committed. App-150.


Verse 18

of Christ. The texts omit.

without charge = without cost or expense. Greek. adapanos. Only here. Compare dapane, cost (Luke 14:28), and dapanao, spend (Luke 15:14).

that, &c. Literally unto (Greek. eis) my not abusing.

abuse = use to the full. See 1 Corinthians 7:31.


Verse 19

all =

all things, i.e. restrictions of meats, &c.

have. Omit.

made myself servant = enslaved myself. App-190.

gain. Greek. kerdaino. See Acts 27:21.


Verse 20

under. App-104.

the law = law. The texts add, "Not as being myself under law".


Verse 21

without law. Greek. anomos. App-128. Here used in the sense of Romans 2:12, Romans 2:14.

under the law. Greek. ennomos. See Acts 19:39.

Verse 22

made = become.

some. App-124.


Verse 23

might be = may become.

partaker. Greek. sunkoinonos. See Romans 11:17.

you = it, i.e. the gospel. Sharer in its triumphs.


Verse 24

race = race-course. Greek. stadion. Elsewhere translated "furlong", the course being usually of this length.

prize. Greek. brabeion. Only here and Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:14. Compare the verb, Colossians 3:15. (rule).

So. i.e. as these runners do.

obtain = lay hold of. Greek. katalambano. See Acts 4:13.


Verse 25

striveth for the mastery. Greek. agonizomai. See Luke 13:24. The usual term for contending in the games.

is temperate = exercises self-control. Greek. enkrateuomai. See 1 Corinthians 7:9. This refers to the severe training, extending over many months, before the contest.

to obtain = in order that (Greek. hina) they may receive, Same word as "receive" in 1 Corinthians 9:24.

corruptible. Greek. phthartos. See Romans 1:23.

crown. Greek. stephanos. See first occurance: Matthew 27:29. The crown was a chaplet of wild olive, parsley, &c.

incorruptible. Greek. aphthartos. See Romans 1:23. Compare 1 Peter 5:4.


Verse 26

as. "As" should precede "not".

uncertainly. Greek. adelos. Only here. Compare 1 Corinthians 14:8. 1 Timothy 6:17. He runs with clear understanding of the conditions and object. See "one thing", Philippians 1:3, Philippians 1:13.

fight = fight with the fist, box. Greek. pukteuo. Only here. The noun pugme, fist, occ Mark 7:3. In these contests it was more than boxing. Instead of a padded glove the hand was covered with the cestus, which consisted of leather bands, studded with pieces of metal.

as one, &c. Read "as one not beating the air". This was called skiamachia, shadow-fighting.


Verse 27

keep under. Greek. hupopiazo. See Luke 18:5.

bring . . . into subjection = reduce to slavery. Greek. doulagogeo. Only here. Compare App-190.

lest that by any means. Greek. mepos.

when, &c. = having preached. Greek. kerusso. App-121. There is an appropriateness in using here this verb, "to act as a herald". The herald summons the competitors.

be = become, or prove to be.

a castaway = disapproved, or rejected (for the prize). Greek. adokimos. See Romans 1:28.


Chapter 10

Verse 1

Moreover. The texts read, "For". It introduces an instance of some who were rejected.

would not = do not desire. Greek. thelo. App-102.

be ignorant. Greek. agnoeo. See Romans 1:13.

all. Notice the emphatic repetition of "all" in verses: 1 Corinthians 10:1-4.

through. App-104. 1 Corinthians 10:1.


Verse 2

baptized. App-115. .

Moses. See 1 Corinthians 9:9.


Verse 3

spiritual. Greek. pneumatikos. See 1 Corinthians 12:1.

meat = food.


Verse 4

drink. Greek. poma. Only here and Hebrews 9:10.

for, &c. To the end of the verse is a parenthesis.

drank = were drinking. Imperf.

that followed them. There is no word for "them". The meaning is, the miracle of the water from the Rock followed that of manna from heaven.

Christ. App-98. As the source of their supply, He is called the Rock. Figure of speech Metaphor. App-6. Compare Deuteronomy 32:4Deuteronomy 32:15Deuteronomy 32:18Deuteronomy 32:30Deuteronomy 32:31Deuteronomy 32:37Psalms 19:14; &c.


Verse 5

many = the most.

God. App-98.

well pleased. Greek. eudokeo. See 1 Corinthians 1:21.

overthrown. Greek. katastrannumi. Only here in NT. But the word occurs twice in Septuagint, Numbers 14:16 (where the Authorized Version reads "slain") and Job 12:23.


Verse 6

were = became.

our. i.e. for us.

examples = types. Greek. tupos. Same word as "ensample" (1 Corinthians 10:11). See first occurance: John 20:25.

to the intent. Greek. eis. App-104.

lust after. Literally be desirers of. Greek. epithumetes. Only here.

evil. Greek. kakos. App-128.

lusted. Greek. epithumeo, to desire. Occurs sixteen times, not always in a bad sense. Compare Matthew 13:17Luke 17:22Luke 22:15. The reference is to Exodus 32:6-25. App-107.


Verse 7

Neither. Greek. mede.

idolaters. See 1 Corinthians 5:10.

some. App-124.

is = has been.

people. Greek. laos. See Acts 2:47.

rose up. Greek. anistemi. App-178.

play. Greek. paizo. Only here in N.T. This quotation is word for word from the Septuagint of Exodus 32:6.


Verse 8

three and twenty thousand. See Numbers 25:1-9 where the number is given as 24,000, but this included the princes of the people of verse 4. See note there. [Conversion note: verse 4 of what book and chapter? Numbers 25:41 Corinthians 10:4? Neither verse describes "princes of the people", so I left the original text as "verse 4".]


Verse 9

tempt = put thoroughly to the test. Greek. ekpeirazo. Only here and Matthew 4:7Luke 4:12Luke 10:25.

Christ. The texts read "the Lord".

tempted. Greek. peirazo, the word commonly used.

were destroyed. Greek. pass, of apollumi. See 1 Corinthians 1:18.

of = by. App-104. See Numbers 21:5Numbers 21:6.


Verse 10

murmur. Greek. gonguzo. Occurs here and six times in the Gospels.

destroyer. Greek. olothreutes. Only here, but the verb is found in Hebrews 11:28, of the destroying angel, and also in Exodus 12:23 and other places in the Septuagint.


Verse 11

unto = to.

ensamples. Greek. tupos, as in 1 Corinthians 10:6, but the texts read "typically".

are = were.

admonition = warning. Greek. nouthesia. Elsewhere, Ephesians 6:4Titus 3:10.

world = ages. App-129.

are come. Greek. katantao. See Acts 16:1.


Verse 12

Wherefore = So then.

take heed = look to it. Greek. blepo. App-133.

lest. App-105. This has passed into a proverb. Figure of speech Paroemia. App-6.


Verse 13

There hath, &c. Literally Temptation hath not (Greek. ou).

but = except. Greek. ei me.

such, &c. = a human (one). Greek. anthropinos. See 1 Corinthians 2:4.

faithful. Greek. pistos. App-150and App-. Compare 1 Corinthians 1:91 Peter 4:191 John 1:9.

above. App-104.

also make, &c. = make a way to escape also.

a way to escape. Greek. ekbasis = a way out. Only here and Hebrews 13:7.

bear = endure. Greek. hupophero. Only here, 2 Timothy 3:111 Peter 2:13.


Verse 14

Wherefore. See 1 Corinthians 8:13.

dearly beloved. App-135.

idolatry. Greek. eidololatreia. Only here. Galatians 1:5Galatians 1:20Colossians 3:51 Peter 4:3. Compare 2 Corinthians 6:161 John 5:21.


Verse 15

judge. App-122. This appeal is an instance of the Figure of speech Anacoenosis. App-6.


Verse 16

cup, &c. Four cups, one called the cup of blessing, were used at the Paschal Supper.

which we bless. Compare Matthew 26:27 (gave thanks).

communion. Same as fellowship (1 Corinthians 1:9). Figure of speech Metaphor (App-6), and in the following verses.

Christ = the Christ. App-98.


Verse 17

For, &c. Literally Because there is one loaf, we the many are one body. Compare 1 Corinthians 12:12.

bread. Greek. artos. Always translated "loaf" when the number is specified. See Matthew 14:17Mark 8:14, &c.

are . . . partakers. = partake. Greek. metecho. See 1 Corinthians 9:10.


Verse 18

Behold = See. Greek. blepo, as in 1 Corinthians 10:12.

after = according to. App-104.

partakers. Greek. koinonos. Elsewhere, 1 Corinthians 10:20Matthew 23:30Luke 5:102 Corinthians 1:72 Corinthians 8:23Philemon 1:17Hebrews 10:331 Peter 5:12 Peter 1:4.


Verse 19

that which, &c. Greek. eidolothutos. See Acts 15:29.


Verse 20

Gentiles. Greek. ethnos.

devils = demons. Greek. daimonion. See Acts 17:18. Reference to Deuteronomy 32:17.


Verse 21

cannot = are not (Greek. ou) able to.

Lord. App-98.


Verse 22

provoke . . . to jealousy. Greek. parazelod. See Romans 10:15.

Lord. App-98.

are we, &c. This question is introduced by me, expecting a negative answer. Notice the vividness given to the apostle"s argument by the use of the Figure of speech Erotesis in verses: 1 Corinthians 10:101 Corinthians 10:161 Corinthians 16:181 Corinthians 16:191 Corinthians 16:22.


Verse 23

all things, &c. = not all things are expedient, or profitable.

all things, &c. = not all things edify. Greek. oikodomeo. See Acts 9:31.


Verse 24

no man = no one. Greek. medeis.

his own = his own things.

every man = each one, but the texts omit.

another"s wealth = the things of the other. (Greek. heteros. App-124.) Compare Philippians 1:2Philippians 1:4.


Verse 25

Whatsoever = All which.

shambles. Greek. makellon. Only here.

asking no question = questioning nothing (Greek. medeis).

asking. App-122.

for . . . sake = on account of. App-104. 1 Corinthians 10:2.

conscience. Greek. suneidesis. Compare 1 Corinthians 8:7.


Verse 26

earth. App-129.

LORD"S. App-98.

fulness. Greek. pleroma. See Psalms 21:1.


Verse 27

If. App-118.

any. App-123.

them that believe not = the unbelievers. Greek. apistos, as in 1 Corinthians 7:12.

bid = call.

be disposed = wish. App-102.


Verse 28

if. App-118.

any man = any one, as in 1 Corinthians 10:27.

offered, &c. Greek. eidolothutos, as in 1 Corinthians 10:19, but the texts read hierothutos, "offered in sacrifice", as more appropriate language at a heathen feast.

shewed. Greek. menuo. See Luke 20:37,


Verse 29

of the other = that of the other. This must be a weak believer, who wished to give warning; a heathen would have no "conscience" in the matter. Here, after the parenthesis of verses: 1 Corinthians 10:26-28, the word "conscience" is repeated from 1 Corinthians 10:25, giving the Figure of speech Epanalepsis. App-6.

another. App-124.


Verse 30

grace. App-184.

evil spoken of. Greek. blasphemeo. Same as "defamed" (1 Corinthians 4:13).

give thanks. Greek. eucharisteo. See Acts 27:35.


Verse 31

to. App-104.


Verse 32

Give none offence. Literally Become without offence. Greek. aproskopos. See Acts 24:16.

Gentiles = Greeks. Greek. Hellen.

church. App-186.


Verse 33

please. Greek. aresko.

profit. Same as "expedient", 1 Corinthians 10:23.

many = the many.

that = in order that. Greek. hina.